Kurnool

Kurnool City
కర్నూలు
Kandanavolu
City and Municipal Corporation
Nickname(s): Gateway to Rayalaseema
Kurnool City is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kurnool City
Kurnool City
Location in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 15°50′N 78°03′E / 15.83°N 78.05°E / 15.83; 78.05
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total 49.73 km2 (19.20 sq mi)
Area rank 105
Elevation 274 m (899 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 478,124
 • Density 9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration AP 21XX XXXX
Website [www.hikurnool.com]

Kurnool (Telugu: కర్నూలు) is a city and administrative seat of Kurnool district of AndhraPradesh state in southern India, about 212 kilometres (132 mi) south of state capital Hyderabad. Kurnool is one-hundred-fifth largest city in India and the sixth-most populous city of Andhra Pradesh. It is the gateway to Rayalaseema and the largest city in the area. Kurnool served as the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956.

Etymology

The name Kurnool derived from "Kandenavolu". The city known as Kandenapalli or the city of Kandena. Kandena is a Telugu word it means Grease[1] . The city was also called as the city of Skanda or Kumaraswamy (the chief God of Wars)[1]

History

Palaeolithic era

The Ketavaram[2] rock painting's are dated back to the Paleolithic era (18 kilometers from Kurnool). Also the Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta[3] and Yaganti in Kurnool District have some important rock art's and painting's in their vicinity, may be dated back to 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

History

Little was known about Kurnool Town before the 11th century. The earliest knowledge of this settlement dates back to 11th Century. It is developed as transit place on the southern banks of the river Tungabhadra and was commonly known as ‘Kandenavolu’. It was a greasing place for the carts which used to transport stone for the construction of temples at Alampur from which the name ‘Kandenavolu’ was derived. It was ruled by Cholas and later by Kakatiya kings in the 12th and 13th Centuries. Later on it became an independent part of the country under Jagirdars. Late it came under the influence of Vijayanagar Kings and it was during the 16th Century that Achyuta Raya built the Kurnool Fort. During the 17th Century it was ruled by Gopal Raja. Abdul Wahab conquered king Gopal Raja and ruled over the country for 16 years. The town came under the influence of Moghal Emperor Aurangazeb in 1686. Later the town was ruled by Nawabs from Dawood Khan to Gulam Rasool Khan (1823). In 1839 the British Government took over control. In 1858 it was made over to a Collector under the General regulations. The British rule continued till 1947 during which period, Kurnool town was a part of Madras presidency. After separation of the 11 districts of Andhra from the composite of Madras state in 1953, Kurnool became the state Headquarters on October 1, 1953.

The Telugu speaking areas of erstwhile Hyderabad State were merged with Andhra Pradesh and then Andhra Pradesh State came into existence in November 1956, and the State Capital was shifted from Kurnool to Hyderabad. Kurnool has remained as District Headquarters.

Political administration

It is the headquarters of the mandal, the revenue division and the district of the same name. From 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956, Kurnool was also the capital of Andhra State (not Andhra Pradesh), which was carved out of Madras State in 1953. Tangutoori Prakasam Pantulu was the chief minister of Andhra State during this period. The present day District court buildings were used as premises of state Assembly.

Pending plans: The Mayor said the proposal to augment drinking water supply system of the city at a cost of Rs. 36 crores was pending with the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT). The State Government cleared the proposal and forwarded to the Centre. If cleared by the Centre, the city would have water supply infrastructure capable of supporting up to the year 2026. Also, underground drainage was proposed for the city at a cost of Rs. 89.15 crores.

Formal proposal:The stretch between Kurnool city and Alampur crossroads was developing as an industrial township attached to the city. MP Kotla Jayasuryaprakasa Reddy already wrote to the Surface Transport Ministry which has responded to the proposal. The corporation too would make a formal move for the ORR, Mr. Reddy said.

Geography and climate

Kurnool

Period - 1951-2000

Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0
 
29
18
 
 
1
 
33
20
 
 
4
 
36
23
 
 
25
 
38
25
 
 
41
 
39
25
 
 
86
 
34
23
 
 
145
 
31
22
 
 
140
 
31
22
 
 
170
 
31
22
 
 
115
 
31
22
 
 
13
 
29
19
 
 
7
 
28
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1] IMD

Kurnool is located at 15°50′00″N 78°03′00″E / 15.8333°N 78.05°E / 15.8333; 78.05.[4] It has an average elevation of 273 metres (898 feet).

Kurnool lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The Hundri and Neeva rivers also flow through the city. The K.C. Canal (Kurnool–Cuddapah) was built by the Dutch for transportation, but later used for irrigation.

The climate is tropical with temperatures ranging from 26°C to 45°C in the summer and 12°C to 31°C in the winter. The average annual rainfall is about 30 inches (762 mm).











Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Kurnool urban agglomeration had a population of 478,124, out of which males were 239,401 and females were 238,723. The literacy rate was 77.37 per cent. [5]

Education

Major higher educational institutions

The following are some important educational institutions:

Apart from these there are many colleges that offer courses in Engineering, Polytechnic, Pharmacy, Dental, Nursing, Physiotherapy, B.Ed., Law, Physical Education, Degree Colleges, Junior Colleges. There are also schools for blind and physically challenged.

Transportation

Kurnool is considered as the Gateway of Rayalaseema as one must pass through Kurnool to reach Kadapa or Chittor or Anantapur districts while travelling from Hyderabad.

Roadways

Kurnool Bus Station is the third largest bus station in Andhra Pradesh after Hyderabad and Vijayawada.[citation needed] Kurnool is connected to most cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh as well as to other largest cities Bengaluru and Chennai by the state owned bus service Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) and the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC). National Highway 7 (India) connects Kurnool to Hyderabad (210 km, 4.0 hours), Anantapur (140 km, three hours), Hindupur {245 km, 5.5 hours} and Bengaluru (360km;8 hrs). The State Highway 51 connects to Srisailam, Vinukonda, Guntur, Vijayawada. The National Highway 18 (Kurnool-Chittoor) connects the city to Panyam, Nandyal, Allagadda,Ahobilam(near to the highway), Mahanandi(near to the highway), Maidukuru, Kadapa, Rayachoty Pileru, and Chittoor.


Mayor S. Raghurami Reddy said the corporation was seriously considering the construction of outer ring road around Kurnool connecting the National Highways 7 and 18 for bypass of heavy traffic with funding from the Union Surface Transport Ministry.[citation needed] The proposed road will connect NH 18 and NH 7 between Nannur and Tadikanapalli running up to K. Nagalapuram to join the Bellary Road. An old road laid during British time exists even now and only a widening of it is required. On the eastern front, the road takes off from Nannur to connect Kurnool-Guntur road and crosses the Tunghabhadra river at Gondiparla and joins NH 7 again at Itikyalapadu in Alampur constituency of Mahabubnagar district.

Railway

Kurnool City Railway Station lies on the Hyderabad – Guntakal railway line and has express trains to Hyderabad, Delhi, Chennai, Chittoor, Tirupati, Jaipur, Madurai, Shirdi and Bengaluru. There are also passenger trains to Hyderabad, Guntakal and Guntur, which caters to the short distance passengers.

The four railway stations in Kurnool District are Kurnool city, Adoni, Nandyal and Dhone junction. Adoni is on the Chennai-Mumbai Railway Line and several trains run daily to these cities and New Delhi. Nandyal is on the Guntakal -Vijayawada line and has daily trains to Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Bengaluru, Vishakhapatnam and Howrah. Dhone junction is situated on the Guntakal - Secunderabad / Vijayawada line. All the trains which pass through Nandyal and Kurnool pass through this junction.

Airport

The nearest airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, at Hyderabad, three and half hours drive from Kurnool City.

Tourist attractions

Image gallery

Formation of new Capital city

Centre Appoints 5-Member Expert Panel on 28 March to select Capital of the residual Andhra Pradesh, once Telangana is formed on 2 June. [6] Nellore, Tirupati, Kurnool, Ongole, Vijayawada, Guntur, Amaravathi, Visakhapatnam and a new greenfield city are doing the rounds in media reports as the probable capital of Seemandhra.

References

[www.kalagnani.com] An Official Website Sri Pothuluru Veerabrahmendra Swami, Kandimallayapalle

[www.aponline.gov.in] An official website of Government of Andhra Pradesh which provides the details about Kurnool district

[www.gprecelectricus.org]

[www.apindustries.gov.in]

[mandmstores.in]

[www.scr.indianrailways.gov.in]

[greatkurnool.com]

External links