Bonyhád

Bonyhád
Coat of arms of Bonyhád
Coat of arms
Bonyhád is located in Hungary
Bonyhád
Bonyhád
Location of Bonyhád
Coordinates: 46°18′02″N 18°31′51″E / 46.30056°N 18.53092°E / 46.30056; 18.53092
Country  Hungary
County Tolna
Area
 • Total 72.14 km2 (27.85 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 14,093
 • Density 195.35/km2 (506.0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7150
Area code(s) 74
Website [www.bonyhad.hu]

Bonyhád is a town in Tolna County in Southwestern Hungary.

Government

It is governed by a city council and a mayor. The current mayor of Bonyhád is Arpad Potapi who has served in this capacity since 2002.

Populations

The town's ethnic composition includes Hungarians, Germans, Szekely and Romani. In the years leading to World War II, Bonyhád had a sizable Jewish population. In 1941, Jews constituted approximately 14% of the total population. The community was divided between Orthodox and Neolog Judaism traditions and Aaron Pressburger was the chief Orthodox rabbi. After the occupation of Hungary by the German army in March 1944, Jews were isolated and their property was confiscated by the Hungarian authorities. In May 1944, the Jewish population was estimated at around 1,300. In June 1944, the Jewish communities of Bonyhád and surrounding villages were moved to the two ghettos in Bonyhád. Some Jews were severely tortured to find out where they may have placed valuables. In July 1944 those in the ghettos were transported by train to the nearby city Pécs and from there deported to Auschwitz where most were murdered upon arrival.[1][2][3][4]

After the war a few survivors made an effort to reestablish in Bonyhád the two Jewish communities. After the 1956 revolt most of Bonyhád's Jews escaped from Hungary - mainly to America and Israel. By 1963 there were only 4 Jewish families left in the town. Bonyhád's last Jewish resident, Mrs. Sári Warum, died in Spring 2013.

Facilities

Bonyhád is home to the Völgység Museum. The town's population is served by a Roman Catholic church and a Lutheran church. The remains of the town's two Synagogues are still visible. There are nine cemerteries, including an Orthodox and the Neologue Jewish cemetery. Various sporting facilities and three high school/college compounds (e.g. Petőfi Sándor Evangélikus Gimnázium, Perczel Mór Szakközépiskola) along with the City Hospital currently serve the residents. Telephone service is provided by Bonicom Kft. Gas service is provided by Futomu Kft and water by Vizmu Reszleg.[5]

References

  1. ^ János Eisner: A BONYHADI ZSIDOK TORTENETE (The story of Bonyhád's Jews) in Hungarian - Tel-Aviv, 1965
  2. ^ Leslie Blau: Bonyhád - A Destroyed Community - New York, 1994
  3. ^ Blau László: BONYHÁD - EGY ELPUSZTÍITOTT ZSIDÓ KÖZÖSSÉG (Bonyhád - A Destroyed Jewish Community) in Hungarian - Bonyhád, 2008
  4. ^ [www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org]
  5. ^ [www.bonyhad.hu]


External links