Allama Iqbal International Airport

Allama Iqbal International Airport
علامہ اقبال بین الاقوامی ہوائی اڈہ
Lahore Airport Logo.jpg
Allama Iqbal Airport, Lahore.jpg
IATA: LHEICAO: OPLA
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan
Serves Lahore
Location Punjab, Pakistan
Hub for Pakistan International Airlines , Pakistan Aviators & Aviation
Elevation AMSL 698 ft / 213 m
Coordinates 31°31′17″N 074°24′12″E / 31.52139°N 74.40333°E / 31.52139; 74.40333
Maps
Location of airport in Lahore
Location of airport in Lahore
LHE is located in Pakistan
LHE
LHE
Location of airport in Pakistan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
18R/36L 9,514 2,900 Asphalt
18L/36R 11,024 3,310 Concrete
Statistics
Passengers 6.5 million
[1][2]

Allama Iqbal International Airport (Punjabi, Urdu: علامہ اقبال بین الاقوامی ہوائی اڈا‎, IATA: LHEICAO: OPLA) is the second largest civil airport in Pakistan, serving Lahore, the capital of Punjab province. Originally known as Lahore International Airport, it was renamed in 2003 for Muhammad Iqbal, the Islamic poet-philosopher who was a major advocate for the creation of the state of Pakistan, upon the opening of the new terminal building.

The airport currently has three terminals: the Allama Iqbal terminal, the Hajj terminal, and a cargo terminal. The airport is located about 15 kilometres from the centre of the city. A total of 3,192,904 passengers have travelled through Allama Iqbal International Airport in 2009 making it the 2nd busiest airport in Pakistan.[3]

On 5 March 2010, the Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan released a tender for the expansion of the airport. The number of check-in desks will be doubled from 24 to 48, as will the number of immigration counters from 10 to 20. The terminal will also be expanded and the area which was strategically kept aside for future expansion when the airport was built will be fully utilised.

History

At the time of the creation of Pakistan, Walton Airport was the main airport of Lahore. When Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) acquired jet aircraft such as Boeing 720s, however, Walton was unable to handle the large aircraft. The Government of Pakistan thus decided to build a brand new airport, which opened in 1962 as Lahore International Airport and was able to handle aircraft as large as the Boeing 747.

Over the course of the next 25 years the demand for air travel rose. It meant that the government decided to build a new world class airport to meet the growing needs for the future and improve the facilities for passengers since the old airport was becoming obsolete. In 2003, Allama Iqbal International Airport was inaugurated and is now the second largest airport in Pakistan after Jinnah International Karachi. All flights were switched to the new airport and the old airport was passed onto the military. However, during the Hajj period, the old airport is used as the Hajj Terminal by the national carrier, PIA.

Structure

The terminal as seen from the domestic car park

Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), the flag carrier of Pakistan, uses Allama Iqbal International Airport as a major hub, second only to Jinnah International Airport in Karachi. There is an increasing demand from private Pakistani airlines and international airlines who operate out of Lahore for domestic and international operations. Many airlines are increasing their frequency out of Lahore since the new airport is able to cater to the growing needs of overseas and domestic passengers.

On the inauguration of Allama Iqbal International Airport in 2003, the old terminal was converted to handle the influx of passengers for the annual pilgrimage of Hajj to Saudi Arabia. The terminal is known as the Hajj Terminal and is only operational when traffic at the new terminal becomes constrainted. It is currently used by the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines; however, negotiations are underway to allow private and international airlines to operate from the airport.[citation needed]

The brand new terminal includes many duty-free shops including restaurants, cafés, ice-cream parlours, confectionery shops, book and toy shops and souvenir shops. Nirala Sweets, a famous and well-popular sweets shop, has also opened in the check-in halls at the airport. There are many flat screen televisions that show real-time flight status information in both the national language, Urdu; and official language, English. The airport has seven air-bridges that dock onto the aircraft during departures and arrivals. There are a total of 30 parking spaces. The airport can provide 32 parking spaces for commercial and jet aircraft.

The national flag carrier of the UAE, Etihad Airways, opened a dedicated aircraft line maintenance facility in Lahore. The facility is equipped with the latest technology and equipment, which will be used for all day-to-day technical line maintenance on Etihad aircraft including hydraulic structural and instrument checks.[4] Shaheen Air International also carries out some of its aircraft maintenance in Lahore; however most airlines still use Karachi or Islamabad for most of their maintenance checks so this facility is presently somewhat limited at Lahore, although this is slated to change with the airport expansion project.

Due to the increase in air travel from the airport, the CAA decided to expand the terminal to meet future growth in air travel as well as ease congestion during peak travel times. On 31 July 2008, the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) awarded the expansion project to the National Engineering Services Pakistan Limited (NESPAK). The project is estimated to be completed in two years. The project entails expansion of the immigration and customs hall as well as the international and domestic departure & arrival halls. The number of check-in counters will be also be increased from 24 to 48 and the number of immigration counters will be increased from 10 to 20.[5]

Airlines and destinations

Iqbal Terminal & Hard Stands as seen while departing the airport
Shaheen Air International Boeing 737-200Adv
PIA Airbus A310
RAK Airways Airbus A320
An Airblue Airbus A320 taking-off from airport

Passenger

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Ras al Khaimah (begins 6 May 2014)[6]
Airblue Abu Dhabi, Dubai-International, Jeddah,[7] Muscat, Sharjah
Airblue Karachi, Rahim Yar Khan
Air Indus Karachi, Quetta
Emirates Dubai-International
Eritrean Airlines Asmara, Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Flynas Jeddah (resumes 1 May 2014)
Gulf Air Bahrain
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Copenhagen, Dammam, Delhi, Dubai-International, Jeddah, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, London-Heathrow, Manchester, Mashhad, Milan-Malpensa, Muscat, New York-JFK, Oslo-Gardermøen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal Sharjah [from 6 May to 16 July 2014]
Pakistan International Airlines Bahawalpur, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Karachi, Multan, Quetta, Rahim Yar Khan, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sukkur
Qatar Airways Doha
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Shaheen Air Karachi, Quetta,
Shaheen Air Abu Dhabi, Dammam, Doha, Dubai International, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mashhad, Muscat, Riyadh
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk [8]

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Askari Aviation Islamabad
FitsAir Colombo
Lufthansa Cargo
operated by AeroLogic
Frankfurt[9]
Maximus Air Cargo Abu Dhabi, Dubai
Polet Airlines Moscow
Qatar Airways Cargo Colombo-Bandaranaike, Doha
Royal Airlines Cargo Karachi
TCS Couriers Dubai, Islamabad, Karachi, London
Volga-Dnepr Ulyanovsk

Charter

Airlines Destinations
Askari Aviation Islamabad
EuroAtlantic Airways Lisbon
Royal Airlines Karachi
Schon Air Karachi

Statistics

The following table provides details of the major traffic flows out of Lahore interms of passenger numbers, aircraft movements, cargo as well as mail. The results were collected by the Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan:[10]

Year Aircraft movements Passengers (Intl & Domestic) Cargo handled (M. Tons) Mail handled (M. Tons)
2001 26,518 2,600,000 52,612 N/A
2005 27,716 5,157,354 N/A N/A
2006 43,775 3,189,161 79,894 680.16
2007 39,634 3,091,590 74,664 1,683.79
2008 49,491 3,192,904 75,965 1,113.41

See also

References

  1. ^ Airport information for OPLA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for OPLA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ caapakistan.com.pk – Airport Statistics
  4. ^ Etihad Airways opens dedicated aircraft line maintenance facility in Lahore Pakistan
  5. ^ Expansion plans for Allama Iqbal International Airport, 2008-07-29
  6. ^ [ [www.arabianaerospace.aero] Air Arabia to launch RAK hub]
  7. ^ "flight schedules". Airblue. Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  8. ^ "Turkish Airlines Launches a New Route to Lahore". Turkish Airlines. Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  9. ^ "2013 schedule". Lufthansa Cargo. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Statistical Information of CAA Pakistan CAA Pakistan, assessed 8 March 2009

External links